Selected Publications

  Kai Liu



H. X. Yang, G. Chen, A. A. C. Cotta, A. T. N'Diaye, S. A. Nikolaev, E. A. Soares, W. A. A. Macedo, Kai Liu, A. K. Schmid, A. Fert, and M. Chshiev, "Significant Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction at Graphene-Ferromagnet Interfaces due to the Rashba-effect",

Nature Materials, 17, 605-609 (2018).


(PDF, 2.3MB)


D. A. Gilbert, E. C. Burks, S. V. Ushakov, P. Abellan, I. Arslan, T. E. Felter, A. Navrotsky, and Kai Liu,

"Tunable Low Density Palladium Nanowire Foams",

Chemistry of Materials, 29, 9814–9818 (2017); arXiv:1710.05906


(PDF, 4.9MB)


Q. L. He, L. Pan, A. L. Stern, E. C. Burks, X. Y. Che, G. Yin, J. Wang, B. Lian, Q. Zhou, E. Sang Choi, K. Murata, X. F. Kou, Z.J. Chen, T. X. Nie, Q. M. Shao, Y. B. Fan, S. C. Zhang, Kai Liu, J. Xia, and K. L. Wang,

"Chiral Majorana fermion modes in a quantum anomalous Hall insulator-superconductor structure",

Science, 357, 294-299 (2017); arXiv: 1606.05712.


(PDF, 863KB)


G. Chen, S. P. Kang, C. Ophus, A. T. N’Diaye, H. Y. Kwon, R. T. Qiu, C. Y. Won, Kai Liu, Y. Z. Wu, A. K. Schmid,

"Out-of-plane chiral domain wall spin-structures in ultrathin in-plane magnets", 

Nature Communications, 8, 15302 (2017).


(PDF, 1.0MB)


D. A. Gilbert, A. J. Grutter, E. Arenholz, Kai Liu, B. J. Kirby, J. A. Borchers, B. B. Maranville,

"Structural and Magnetic Depth Profiles of Voltage-Controlled Magneto-Ionic Heterostructures Beyond the Interface Limit",

Nature Communications, 7, 12264 (2016); arXiv:1605.07209.


(PDF, 1.0 MB)


D. A. Gilbert, J. Olamit, R. K. Dumas, B. J. Kirby, A. J. Grutter, B. B. Maranville, E. Arenholz, J. A. Borchers, and Kai Liu,
"Controllable Positive Exchange Bias via Redox-Driven Oxygen Migration",

Nature Communications, 7, 11050 (2016).


(PDF, 1.0MB)


D. A. Gilbert, B. B. Maranville, A. L. Balk, B. J. Kirby, P. Fischer, D. T. Pierce, J. Unguris, J. A. Borchers, and Kai Liu,

"Realization of Ground State Artificial Skyrmion Lattices at Room Temperature",

Nature Communications, 6, 8462 (2015).


(PDF, 1.3MB)


D. A. Gilbert, L. Ye, A. Varea, S. Agramunt-Puig, N. del Valle, C. Navau, J. F. Lopez-Barbera, K. S. Buchanan, A. Hoffmann, A. Sanchez, J. Sort, Kai Liu, and J. Nogues,

"A New Reversal Mode in Exchange Coupled Antiferromagnetic/Ferromagnetic Disks: Distorted Viscous Vortex",

Nanoscale, 7, 9878 - 9885 (2015); arXiv:1504.07121


(PDF, 5.8MB)


S. Nemsak, A. Shavorskiy, O. Karslioglu, I. Zegkinoglou, P. K. Greene, E. C. Burks, A. Rattanachata, C. S. Conlon, A. Keqi, F. Salmassi, E. M. Gullikson, S.-H. Yang, Kai Liu, H. Bluhm, and C. S. Fadley,

"Concentration and chemical-state profiles at heterogeneous interfaces with sub-nm accuracy from standing-wave ambient-pressure photoemission",

 Nature Communications, 5, 5441 (2014).


(PDF, 1.1MB)


R. K. Dumas, P. K. Greene, D. A. Gilbert, L. Ye, C. Zha, J. Akerman, and Kai Liu,

"Accessing Different Spin-Disordered States using First Order Reversal Curves",

Physical Review B, 90, 104410 (2014); arXiv:1409.0825.


(PDF, 1.3MB)


D. A. Gilbert, J. W. Liao, L. W. Wang, J. W. Lau, T. J. Klemmer, J. U. Thiele, C. H. Lai, and Kai Liu,

"Probing the A1 to L10 Transformation in FeCuPt Using the First Order Reversal Curve Method",

APL Materials, 2, 086106 (2014); arXiv:1408.2860.


(PDF, 1 MB)


P. K. Greene, J. Osten, Kilian Lenz, J. Fassbender, C. Jenkins, E. Arenholz, T. Endo, N. Iwata, and Kai Liu,

"Tuning Perpendicular Anisotropy Gradient in Co/Pd Multilayers by Ion Irradiation",

Applied Physics Letters, 105, 072401 (2014); arXiv:1408.1659.


(PDF, 1.5MB)


D. A. Gilbert, G. T. Zimanyi, R. K. Dumas, M. Winklhofer, A. Gomez, N. Eibagi, J. L. Vicent, and Kai Liu,

"Quantitative Decoding of Interactions in Tunable Nanomagnet Arrays Using First Order Reversal Curves",

Scientific Reports, 4, 4204; DOI:10.1038/srep04204 (2014); arXiv:1401.7749


(PDF, 1.8MB)


D. A. Gilbert, L.W. Wang, T. Klemmer, Jan-Ulrich Thiele, C. H. Lai, and Kai Liu,

"Tuning magnetic anisotropy in (001) oriented (Fe1-xCux)55Pt45 films",

Applied Physics Letters, 102, 132406 (2013); arXiv:1303.5208;

Featured in APL Research Highlights & Top Stories, one of 15 Most Accessed APL papers in 2013.


(PDF, 1.1MB)


R. M. Wong, D. A. Gilbert, Kai Liu, and A. Y. Louie,

"Rapid Size-Controlled Synthesis of Dextran-Coated, 64Cu-Doped Iron Oxide Nanoparticles",

ACS Nano, 6, 3461-3467 (2012); arXiv:1210.1823


(PDF, 3.8MB)


X. M. Kou, X. Fan, R. K. Dumas, Q. Lu, Y. P. Zhang, H. Zhu, X. K. Zhang, Kai Liu, and J. Q. Xiao,

"Memory effect in magnetic nanowire arrays",

Advanced Materials, 23, 1393 (2011).


(PDF, 575 KB)


R. Morales, Z-P. Li, J. Olamit, Kai Liu, J.M. Alameda, and Ivan K. Schuller,

"Role of the antiferromagnetic bulk spin structure on exchange bias",

Physical Review Letters, 102, 097201 (2009).


(PDF, 345 KB)


R. K. Dumas, C. P. Li, I. V. Roshchin, I. K. Schuller, and Kai Liu,

"Magnetic fingerprints of sub-100 nm Fe nanodots",
Physical Review B, 75, 134405-1-5 (2007).


(PDF, 445KB)


Z. P. Li, O. Petracic, R. Morales, J. Olamit, X. Batlle, Kai Liu, and I. K. Schuller,
"Origin of asymmetric reversal in exchange biased bilayers",
 Physical Review Letters, 96, 217205-1-4 (2006)
; cond-mat/0603060.

(PDF, 356KB)


M. C. Qian, C. Y. Fong, Kai Liu, W. E. Pickett, J. E. Pask, and L. H. Yang,
"Half-metallic digital ferromagnetic heterostructure composed of a
detla -doped layer of Mn in Si",
Physical Review Letters, 96, 027211-1-4 (2006); cond-mat/0508269.



J. E. Davies, O. Hellwig, E. E. Fullerton, J. S. Jiang, S. D. Bader, G. T. Zimanyi, and Kai Liu,
"Anisotropy-dependence of irreversible switching in Fe/SmCo and FeNi/FePt spring magnet films",
Applied Physics Letters, 86, 262503-1-3 (2005); cond-mat/0504492

(PDF, 130KB)


S. Cho, J. C. Idrobo, J. Olamit, Kai Liu, N. D. Browning, and S. M. Kauzlarich,
"Growth mechanisms and oxidation-resistance of Au-coated Fe nanoparticles",
Chemistry of Materials, 17, 3181-3186 (2005);

(PDF, 174KB)


M. S. Pierce, C. R. Buechler, L. B. Sorensen, J. J. Turner, S. D. Kevan, E. A. Jagla, J. M. Deutsch, T. Mai, O. Narayan, J. E. Davies, Kai Liu, J. Hunter Dunn, K. M. Chesnel, J. B. Kortright, O. Hellwig, and E. E. Fullerton,
"Disorder-induced microscopic magnetic memory",
Physical Review Letters, 94, 017202-1-4 (2005). 

(PDF, 314KB)


J. E. Davies, O. Hellwig, E. E. Fullerton, G. Denbeaux, J. B. Kortright and Kai Liu,
"Magnetization reversal of Co/Pt multilayers: microscopic origin of high field magnetic irreversibility",
Physical Review B, 70, 224434-1-8 (2004).

(PDF, 1MB)


J. I. Martin, J. Nogues, Kai Liu, J. L. Vicent, and I. K. Schuller, Topical review,
"Ordered magnetic nanostructures: fabrication and properties",
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 256, 449-501 (2003).

(PDF, 1.8MB)


Kai Liu, J. Nogues, C. Leighton, H. Masuda, K. Nishio, I. V. Roshchin and I. K. Schuller,
"Fabrication and thermal stability of arrays of Fe nanodots",
Applied Physics Letters, 81, 4434-4436 (2002).

(PDF, 130KB)


H. G. Katzgraber, F. Pazmandi, C. R. Pike, Kai Liu, R. T. Scalettar, K. L. Verosub, and G. T. Zimanyi,
"Reversal-field memory in the hysteresis of spin-glasses",
Physical Review Letters, 89, 257202-1-4 (2002).

(PDF, 216KB)


Kai Liu, S. M. Baker, M. Tuominen, T. P. Russell, and I. K. Schuller
"Tailoring exchange bias with magnetic nanostructures",
Physical Review B 63, (Rapid Communications), 060403-1-4 (2001).

(PDF, 262KB)


V. Nikitenko, V. Gornakov, A. Shapiro, R. Shull, Kai Liu, S. M. Zhou and C. L. Chien,
"Asymmetry in elementary events of magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer",
Physical Review Letters, 84, 765-768 (2000).

(PDF, 794KB)


F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, Kimin Hong, D. H. Reich, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien,
"Large magnetoresistance in electrodeposited single-crystal bismuth thin films",
Science 284, 1335-1337 (1999). 

(PDF, 87KB)


F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson,
"Large magnetoresistance and finite-size effects in electrodeposited single-crystal Bi thin films",
Physical Review Letters 82, 3328-3331 (1999). 

(PDF, 578KB)


Kai Liu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson,
"Finite size effect in Bi nanowires",
Physical Review B 58, (Rapid Communications) R14681-R14684 (1998). 

(PDF, 91KB)


Kai Liu, C. L. Chien, P. C. Searson, and Kui Yu-Zhang,
"Structural and magneto-transport properties of electrodeposited bismuth nanowires",
Applied Physics Letters, 73, 1436-1438 (1998).

(PDF, 131KB)


K. H. Ahn, X. W. Wu, K. Liu, and C. L. Chien,
"Magnetic properties and colossal magnetoresistance of La(Ca)MnO3 materials doped with Fe",
Physical Review B 54, 15299-15302 (1996). 

(PDF, 105KB)


K. Liu, X. W. Wu, K. H. Ahn, T. Sulchek, C. L. Chien, and John Q. Xiao,
"Charge Ordering and Magnetoresistance in Nd1-x CaxMnO3 Due to Reduced Double Exchange",
Physical Review B 54, 3007-3010 (1996). 

(PDF, 821KB)


K. Liu, K. Nagodawithana, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien,
"Perpendicular giant magnetoresistance of multilayered Co/Cu nanowires",
Physical Review B 51, (Rapid Communications) 7381-7384 (1995).

(PDF, 1.2MB)

  Complete list of publications










C. L. Chien, P. C. Searson, and Kai Liu,
"Arrays of Semimetallic Bismuth Nanowires and Fabrication Techniques Thereof",
United States Patent No. 6,187,165, February 13, 2001.


F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson,
"Bismuth Thin Films Structure and Methods of Construction",
United States Patent No. 6,358,392, March 19, 2002.


Kai Liu, P. Klavins, and L. Zhao,
"Synthesis of LiBC and hole-doped Li1-xBC"
United States Patent No. 7,144,562, December 5, 2006.










Last Updated 05/2018

Return to Kai Liu's Homepage